nite-10q_20190331.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

 

For the transition period from            to

Commission File Number 001-38217

 

 

Nightstar Therapeutics plc

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Charter)

 

 

England and Wales

98-1413750

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

10 Midford Place, 2nd Floor

London United Kingdom

W1T 5BJ

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: +44 20 7062 2777

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes  No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES ☐ NO 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

 

 

Title of each class

Trading  Symbol

Name of each exchange on which registered

American Depository Shares, each representing

one Ordinary share, nominal value £0.01 per share

NITE

The Nasdaq Global Select Market

 

The Registrant had 33,536,214 ordinary shares outstanding as of April 24, 2019, of which 14,676,984 are represented by ADSs.

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Table of Contents

 

 

 

Page

PART I

Financial Information

 

Item 1.

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

2

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

2

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

3

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity

4

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

5

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

6

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

13

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

20

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

20

 

 

 

PART II

Other Information

21

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

21

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

21

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

21

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

21

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

21

Item 5.

Other Information

22

Item 6.

Exhibits

22

Signature

24

 

 

 

 

i


 

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, concerning our business, consolidated financial condition, and results of operations. The Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, encourages companies to disclose forward-looking statements so that investors can better understand a company’s future prospects and make informed investment decisions. Forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, many of which are outside our control, which could cause actual results to differ materially from these statements. Therefore, you should not rely on any of these forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements can be identified by such words as "will," "likely," "may," "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "intend," "seek," "designed," "develop," "would," "future," "can," "could," and other expressions that are predictions of or indicate future events and trends and that do not relate to historical matters. All statements other than statements of historical facts included in this Quarterly Report regarding our strategies, prospects, financial condition, operations, costs, plans, and objectives and regarding the proposed acquisition of our company by Biogen Switzerland Holdings GmbH and its affiliates, or Biogen, are forward-looking statements. Examples of forward-looking statements include, among others, statements regarding expected future operating results; expectations regarding the timing and receipt of regulatory results; anticipated levels of capital expenditures; expectations of the effect on our financial condition of claims, litigation, and governmental and regulatory proceedings; and any effects of the proposed acquisition of our company by Biogen including the occurrence of any event, chance or other circumstance that could give risk to the termination of the proposed transaction.  Our forward-looking statements do not assume the consummation of the proposed acquisition of our company by Biogen unless specifically stated otherwise.

 

Please refer to the section entitled “Risk Factors” in Part I of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, or the Annual Report, for important factors that we believe could cause actual results to differ materially from those in our forward-looking statements. Those risk factors, together with any updates to those risk factors contained in our subsequent periodic and current reports filed with the SEC, could cause actual future results or events to differ materially from the forward-looking statements that we make. Any forward-looking statement made by us are based only on information currently available to us and speaks only as of the date on which it is made. You should read this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the documents that we have filed as exhibits to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement, whether written or oral, that may be made from time to time, whether as a result of new information, future developments, or otherwise.

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q also includes statistical and other industry and market data, which we obtained from our own internal estimates and research, as well as from industry and general publications and research, surveys, and studies conducted by third parties. Industry publications, studies, and surveys generally state that they have been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, although they do not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of such information. While we believe that each of these studies and publications is reliable, we have not independently verified market and industry data from third‑party sources. While we believe our internal company research is reliable and the market definitions are appropriate, neither such research nor these definitions have been verified by any independent source.

 

 

1


 

Item 1 Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

 

NIGHTSTAR THERAPEUTICS PLC

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

94,513

 

 

$

27,784

 

Marketable securities

 

 

58,944

 

 

 

136,385

 

Research and development credit

 

 

8,661

 

 

 

8,268

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

5,712

 

 

 

6,605

 

Total current assets

 

 

167,830

 

 

 

179,042

 

Property and equipment, net

 

 

489

 

 

 

562

 

Other assets

 

 

1,414

 

 

 

409

 

Total assets

 

$

169,733

 

 

$

180,013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

2,976

 

 

$

3,017

 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

16,686

 

 

 

11,360

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

19,662

 

 

 

14,377

 

Long-term lease obligations

 

 

351

 

 

 

 

Total liabilities

 

 

20,013

 

 

 

14,377

 

Commitments and contingencies (see Note 12)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ordinary shares, £0.01 nominal value; 100,000 shares

   authorized as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018;

   33,484 and 33,486 shares issued and outstanding

   at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively

 

 

61

 

 

 

61

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

268,967

 

 

 

267,233

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cumulative foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

(4,855

)

 

 

(4,855

)

Unrealized holding gains on available for sales securities

 

 

823

 

 

 

2,081

 

Total accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

 

(4,032

)

 

 

(2,774

)

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(115,276

)

 

 

(98,884

)

Total shareholders’ equity

 

 

149,720

 

 

 

165,636

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

$

169,733

 

 

$

180,013

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

2


 

NIGHTSTAR THERAPEUTICS PLC

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss

(in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

$

8,898

 

 

$

6,064

 

General and administrative

 

 

9,663

 

 

 

2,776

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

18,561

 

 

 

8,840

 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest and other income

 

 

1,107

 

 

 

367

 

Other income (expense), net

 

 

1,101

 

 

 

(5,885

)

Total other income (expense), net

 

 

2,208

 

 

 

(5,518

)

Loss before provision for income taxes

 

 

(16,353

)

 

 

(14,358

)

Provision for income taxes

 

 

39

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

 

(16,392

)

 

 

(14,358

)

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

6,346

 

Change in net unrealized holding gains (losses) on available for sale securities

 

 

(1,258

)

 

 

 

Total other comprehensive loss

 

$

(17,650

)

 

$

(8,012

)

Basic and diluted net loss per ordinary share

 

$

(0.50

)

 

$

(0.52

)

Weighted average basic and diluted ordinary shares

 

 

32,944

 

 

 

27,862

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3


 

NIGHTSTAR THERAPEUTICS PLC

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Ordinary Shares

 

 

Additional

Paid-In

 

 

Accumulated

Other

Comprehensive

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Income (Loss)

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Total

 

Balance at December 31, 2017

 

 

28,904

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

185,943

 

 

$

1,890

 

 

$

(62,022

)

 

$

125,812

 

Issuance of restricted share awards, net

 

 

(10,321

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

836

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

836

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,346

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,346

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(14,358

)

 

 

(14,358

)

Balance at March 31, 2018

 

 

18,583

 

 

$

1

 

 

$

186,779

 

 

$

8,236

 

 

$

(76,380

)

 

$

118,636

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2018

 

 

33,486

 

 

 

61

 

 

 

267,233

 

 

 

(2,774

)

 

 

(98,884

)

 

 

165,636

 

Forfeiture of restricted share awards

 

 

(2

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,734

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,734

 

Change in net unrealized holding gains (losses) on available for sale securities, net of $169 of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,258

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1,258

)

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(16,392

)

 

 

(16,392

)

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

 

33,484

 

 

$

61

 

 

$

268,967

 

 

$

(4,032

)

 

$

(115,276

)

 

$

149,720

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


 

NIGHTSTAR THERAPEUTICS PLC

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(in thousands)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(16,392

)

 

$

(14,358

)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

86

 

 

 

61

 

Non-cash share-based compensation

 

 

1,734

 

 

 

836

 

Accretion on marketable securities

 

 

(537

)

 

 

 

Deferred taxes

 

 

(44

)

 

 

 

Unrealized foreign currency (gains) losses

 

 

(136

)

 

 

4,509

 

Realized investment (gains) losses

 

 

(1,110

)

 

 

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development tax credit receivable

 

 

(392

)

 

 

(1,382

)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

893

 

 

 

908

 

Accounts payable

 

 

16

 

 

 

1,765

 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

4,520

 

 

 

(1,261

)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

 

(11,362

)

 

 

(8,922

)

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from maturities of marketable securities

 

 

78,000

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(14

)

 

 

(43

)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

 

77,986

 

 

 

(43

)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

105

 

 

 

1,838

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

66,729

 

 

 

(7,127

)

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

 

27,842

 

 

 

129,404

 

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

 

$

94,571

 

 

$

122,277

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

5


 

NIGHTSTAR THERAPEUTICS PLC

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

1. Nature of the Business

 

Nightstar Therapeutics plc (the “Company”) is a clinical-stage gene therapy company focused on developing and commercializing novel one-time treatments for patients suffering from rare inherited retinal diseases that would otherwise progress to blindness. The Company is developing a pipeline of proprietary product candidates that are designed to substantially modify or halt the progression of inherited retinal diseases for which there are no currently approved treatments. The Company’s lead product candidate, NSR-REP1, for the treatment of choroideremia  is in Phase 3 clinical development. The Company’s second product candidate, NSR-RPGR, is in Phase 2/3 clinical development for the treatment of X-linked retinitis pigmentosa. The Company also has product candidates in preclinical development for a number of inherited retinal diseases for which there are no approved treatments such as Stargardt disease.

 

2. Basis of Presentation

 

The terms “Nightstar” and “the Company” each refer to Nightstar Therapeutics plc and its subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise. The accompanying unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements were prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”), for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 and Article 8 of Regulation S-X of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosure have been condensed or omitted.

 

These unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.  In the Company’s opinion, the accompanying unaudited consolidated condensed financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, considered necessary for a fair presentation, in all material respects, of the information contained herein.  Results for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the year.

 

See the recently adopted accounting pronouncements section in Note 11 below for information concerning the adoption of new accounting guidance.  Except for these changes, Nightstar has consistently applied the accounting policies to all periods presented in these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.  The adoption of new accounting guidance did not result in significant changes in the Company’s reporting of its assets, liabilities, equity, operations and cash flow.

 

 

3.  Foreign Currency Translation

 

On January 1, 2019, the Company adopted the U.S. dollar as its functional currency.  The change from the pound sterling is due to the continued expansion of our operations in the U.S. and the change in anticipated long-term shift of operations from the United Kingdom to the U.S in 2019 and beyond. This resulted in a significant reduction in foreign currency transaction gains and losses in 2019, when compared to prior periods. The foreign currency exchange transaction gain was $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, compared to a foreign currency transaction exchange loss of $5.9 million in the three months ended March 31, 2018.  Foreign exchange transaction gains and losses are included net in other income (expense) in the condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss for the respective periods.

 

Foreign currency exchange gains and losses are driven primarily by balances of cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities, as well as accounts payable, denominated in a currency other than the Company’s functional currency. A significant majority of these balances are denominated in U.S. dollars.  Prior to January 1, 2019, the functional currency of the Company was the pound sterling. Accordingly, a substantial portion of foreign currency transaction gains and losses in the years and interim periods in prior periods related to the exchange rate changes between the U.S. dollar and pound sterling on the U.S. dollar denominated funds held by the Company.

 

The Company’s reporting currency has been and continues to be the U.S. dollar.  For periods prior to January 1, 2019, the functional currency was pounds sterling and the reporting currency was the U.S. dollar.  Translation adjustments were not included in the determination of net loss; they were included as foreign currency translation adjustments in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), a component of shareholders’ equity. With the adoption of the U.S. dollar as the Company’s functional currency, the cumulative foreign currency translation adjustment of $4.9 million as of January 1, 2019, will be retained as a part of shareholders’ equity.  The Company recorded a foreign currency translation adjustment gain of $6.3 million for three months ended March 31, 2018 and none for the three months ended March 31, 2019.

6


 

 

 

4. Fair Value of Financial Assets and Liabilities  

The Company’s investments are all classified within Levels 1 and 2 of the fair value hierarchy. The Company’s investments classified within Level 1 of the fair value hierarchy are valued based quoted prices in active markets. The Company’s investments classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy are based on matrix pricing compiled by third party pricing vendors, using observable market inputs such as interest rates, yield curves, and credit risk. For cash, current receivables, and accounts payable, the carrying amounts approximate fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments, and therefore fair value information is not included in the table below (in thousands):

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

 

December 31, 2018

 

 

Total

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

 

Total

 

 

Level 1

 

 

Level 2

 

Money market funds and short-term

U.S. Treasury securities, included in

cash and cash equivalents

$

92,586

 

 

$

92,586

 

 

$

 

 

$

23,514

 

 

$

23,514

 

 

$

 

U.S Treasury securities

$

58,944

 

 

 

38,420

 

 

 

20,524

 

 

$

136,385

 

 

 

100,949

 

 

 

35,436

 

 

$

151,530

 

 

$

131,006

 

 

$

20,524

 

 

$

159,899

 

 

$

124,463

 

 

$

35,436

 

 

The Company did not have transfers in or out of Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy during the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.  The Company had no liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

 

 

5. Marketable securities  

As of March 31, 2019, the Company held the following investments in marketable securities classified as available-for-sale (in thousands):

 

 

Maturity

 

Amortized

cost

 

 

Gross

Unrealized

Holding Gains

(Losses)

 

 

Aggregate

Estimated Fair

Value

 

U.S. Treasury securities (1)

 

1 - 3 months

 

$

57,952

 

 

$

992

 

 

$

58,944

 

 

As of December 31, 2018, the Company held the following investments in marketable securities classified as available-for-sale (in thousands):

 

 

Maturity

 

Amortized

cost

 

 

Gross

Unrealized

Holding Gains

(Losses)

 

 

Aggregate

Estimated Fair

Value

U.S. Treasury securities (1)

 

3 - 9 months

 

$

133,899

 

 

$

2,486

 

 

$

136,385

 

(1)

Gross unrealized holding gains (losses) includes $0.9 million and $2.5 million impact of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively.  

 

All of the Company’s investments are classified as available-for-sale and are carried at fair value with unrealized gains and losses recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of related income taxes. The Company did not have any investments in marketable securities at March 31, 2018.

No securities have been in an unrealized loss position for more than one year.  Gross unrealized holding gains of $0.8 million are reported in accumulated other comprehensive income at March 31, 2019, net of tax.  

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company realized $1.3 million in foreign currency gains on the settlement of maturing marketable securities as a result of favorable foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Realized gains and losses are determined using the specific identification method, reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income and included in other income, net on the statement of comprehensive income.

 

6. Share-Based Compensation

 

Under its equity incentive plans, the Company granted 1,160,355 options to acquire shares at the weighted average price of $14.17, the closing selling prices on the dates of the grants, in the three months ended March 31, 2019.  In the three months ended March 31,

7


 

2018, the Company granted 676,576 options to acquire shares at the weighted average price of $13.82, the closing selling prices on the dates of the grants.  In the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, there were no restricted shares awarded.

 

The following share-based compensation expense was recognized for the periods indicated (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Research and development

 

$

629

 

 

$

301

 

General and administrative

 

 

1,105

 

 

 

535

 

Total share-based compensation

 

$

1,734

 

 

$

836

 

 

The Company grants equity awards under its share-based compensation programs, which awards may include share options, restricted share awards (“RSAs”), restricted share units (“RSUs”) and other share-based awards. To date, the share-based awards granted to employees and directors have been in the form of RSAs, RSUs and share options.

The Company recognizes compensation expense for equity awards based on the grant date fair value of the award on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period. The Company uses the fair value of its ordinary shares to determine the fair value of RSAs and RSUs. The fair value of options is determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The Company accounts for forfeitures as they occur.

 

7. Earnings per Share

Basic and diluted net loss per ordinary share are determined by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period. For the periods presented, the weighted average shares outstanding used to calculate both basic and diluted net loss per ordinary share are the same because the inclusion of the Company’s outstanding common share equivalents would be anti-dilutive.  The securities excluded from the earnings per share calculation for the three months periods were:

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

Unvested RSAs and RSUs

 

 

549,743

 

 

 

1,093,751

 

Unvested and vested share options

 

 

2,253,121

 

 

 

867,851

 

 

8. Research and Development Tax Credit

As a company that carries out extensive research and development activities, the Company seeks to benefit from U.K. research and development tax credit cash rebate regimes.  Based on criteria established by Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (“HMRC”), the Company expects a proportion of its expenditures in relation to its pipeline research, clinical trials management and manufacturing development activities to be eligible for inclusion within tax credit cash rebate regimes.

The Company recorded U.K. research and development tax credits as an offset to research and development expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss of $1.9 million and $1.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

 

9. Income Taxes

The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in the condensed consolidated financial statements or in its tax returns. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined on the basis of the differences between the condensed consolidated financial statements and tax basis of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. Changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities are recorded in the provision for income taxes. The Company assesses the likelihood that deferred tax assets will be recovered in the future and, to the extent management believes, based upon the weight of available evidence, that it is more likely than not that all or a portion of the deferred tax assets will not be realized, a valuation allowance is established through a charge to income tax expense. Potential for recovery of deferred tax assets is evaluated by estimating the future taxable profits expected and considering prudent and feasible tax planning strategies.

For the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recognized income tax expense of $39,000 and net tax impact to other comprehensive loss of $0.2 million. There was no income tax provision for the three months ended March 31, 2018.  The Company has not recorded any amounts for unrecognized tax benefits as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

8


 

The Company files income tax returns in the United Kingdom, United States and certain state and local jurisdictions. The income tax returns are generally subject to tax examinations for the tax years ended December 31, 2013 through December 31, 2018. There are currently no pending income tax return examinations.

Research and development tax credits received from HMRC are recognized as offsets to research and development expenses.

 

10. Related Party Transactions

As more fully described in Note 15 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, in the normal course of business, the Company has entered into agreements with entities that are considered to be related parties.  In the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company reported no significant business with entities affiliated with Syncona Partner LLP, Syncona Limited.  In the three months ended March 31, 2019, activities with University of Oxford and its subsidiaries incurred $0.1 million of research expenses, and reported a remaining unpaid obligation of $0.2 million.  In the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company incurred $82,000 of research expenses, and reported remaining unpaid obligations of $0.1 million with Prof. Robert MacLaren, a former member of the Company’s board of directors.

 

11. Commitments and Contingencies    

Implementation Agreement costs

 

Pursuant to the terms of the Implementation Agreement with Biogen Switzerland Holdings GmbH (together with its affiliates, “Biogen”) and Tungsten Bidco Limited (“Bidco”), Bidco agreed to acquire the entire issued and to be issued share capital of the Company for $25.50 in cash per ordinary share, par value £0.01 per share (the “Company Shares”).  Under the terms of the Implementation Agreement, the acquisition will be implemented by means of a scheme of arrangement to be undertaken by the Company under Part 26 of the UK Companies Act 2006.  

In the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recognized $5.8 million in cost in the performance of its due diligence review and other costs related to the Implementation Agreement.  For the three months ended March 31, 2019 these costs are reported in general and administrative expense.  If the Implementation Agreement is terminated by the Company under certain circumstances, including termination by the Company following receipt of an unsolicited bona fide written acquisition proposal that the Company’s Board of Directors determines constitutes a superior proposal, the Company will be required to pay to Biogen a compensatory fee of $8.8 million. The Company expects additional expenses will be incurred in connection with the closing of the transaction with Biogen.

Legal Proceedings

Three shareholder complaints have been filed in connection with the pending acquisition of the Company by Biogen (the “Acquisition”). On April 23, 2019, Stephen Bushansky, a purported holder of American Depositary Shares (“ADSs”) of the Company, filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, captioned Stephen Bushansky v. Nightstar Therapeutics plc et al., Civil Action No. 1:19-cv-10903, against the Company and each member of its board of directors (the “Board”). On April 26, 2019, Earl Wheby, a purported Company shareholder, filed a putative federal securities class action complaint in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware, captioned Earl M. Wheby, Jr. v. Nightstar Therapeutics plc et al., Case No. 1:19-cv-00761-UNA,against the Company, each member of the Board and Biogen Inc. Also on April 26, 2019, Brennan Evans, a purported Company shareholder, filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, captioned Brennan Evans v. Nightstar Therapeutics plc et al., Case No. 1:19-cv-03743, against the Company and each member of the Board. On May 1, 2019, the plaintiff in Wheby voluntarily dismissed his complaint without prejudice.

The complaints generally allege, among other things, that the defendants violated federal securities laws and regulations by disseminating or allowing to be disseminated a proxy statement in connection with the Acquisition that purportedly omits or misrepresents material information. The complaints seek, among other things, relief enjoining the defendants from proceeding with the Acquisition and any vote on the Acquisition; or, in the event the Acquisition is completed, rescinding the Acquisition and setting it aside or awarding rescissory damages. The Company believes that the plaintiffs’ allegations are without merit and intends to vigorously defend against them. It is possible that additional lawsuits related to the Acquisition may be filed in the future.

From time to time, the Company may be a party to litigation or subject to claims incident to the ordinary course of business. Although the results of litigation and claims cannot be predicted with certainty, the Company currently believes that the final outcome of these ordinary course matters will not have a material adverse effect on its business. Regardless of the outcome, litigation can have an adverse impact on the Company because of defense and settlement costs, diversion of management resources and other factors. The Company did not have contingency reserves established for any liabilities as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

9


 

Indemnification

In the normal course of business, the Company enters into contracts and agreements that contain a variety of representations and warranties and provide for general indemnification. The Company’s exposure under these agreements is unknown because it involves claims that may be made against the Company in the future. To date, the Company has not paid any claims or been required to defend any action related to its indemnification obligations. However, the Company may record charges in the future as a result of these indemnification obligations.

In accordance with its Articles of Association and individual indemnification agreements, the Company has indemnification obligations to its officers and directors for certain events or occurrences, subject to certain limits, while they are serving at the Company’s request in such capacity. There have been no claims to date, and the Company has director and officer insurance that may enable it to recover a portion of any amounts paid for future potential claims.

 

12.  Recently issued accounting pronouncements

 

Recently issued accounting pronouncements not yet adopted

 

In August 2018, the Financial Accounting Standard Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Updates (“ASU”) 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework – Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement (“ASU 2018-13”), reducing certain disclosures concerning the fair value hierarchy.  The guidance is effective for the Company in annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those annual periods. The Company does not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments Credit Losses (Topic 326) (“ASU 2016-13”), which requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to developing credit loss estimates. The guidance is effective for the fiscal year beginning January 1, 2020, including interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company does not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

The Company has considered other recent accounting pronouncements and concluded that they are either not applicable to the business, or that the effect is not expected to be material to the condensed consolidated consolidated financial statements as a result of future adoption.

 

Recently adopted accounting pronouncements

 

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718) - Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting that largely aligns the accounting for share-based payment awards issued to employees and nonemployees, with certain exceptions. The standard became effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2019.  Adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-09 (“ASU 2018-09”), Codification Improvements. The ASU 2018-09 provides updates and clarifications to a number of previously issued accountings standards and such updates and clarifications are effective concurrently with the related standards.  As of January 1, 2019, the Company adopted these clarifications consistent with the guidance in the ASU; the various updates and clarifications to previously issued accounting standards become effective for the Company concurrently with the adoption of the related standards.  Adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02 (“ASU 2016-02”), Leases, that requires a lessee to recognize a lease liability and a right-of-use (“ROU”) asset for all leases with lease terms of more than 12 months and requires disclosure of key information about leasing arrangements. Leases are classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. The classification criteria for distinguishing between operating and finance (previously capital) leases are substantially similar to the previous lease guidance.

 

ASU 2016-02 became effective for the Company as of January 1, 2019. The Company elected the modified retrospective approach with transition methods that allowed it to prospectively apply the standard as of the adoption date.  The Company also elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance that allowed the Company to carryforward the historical operating lease classifications of its existing agreements. The new guidance also provided practical expedients for the entity’s accounting. The Company made an accounting policy election to keep leases with an initial term of 12 months or less off of the balance sheet and recognize those lease payments in the consolidated statements of operations on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company also elected the practical expedient to not separate lease and non-lease components for all of its leases as the non-lease components are not significant to the overall lease costs.

 

10


 

The adoption of this guidance on January 1, 2019 did not materially affect the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets, results of operations, cash flow or liquidity.  The adoption resulted in recognition as of January 1, 2019 of an ROU asset and lease liabilities of $1.0 million on its consolidated balance sheets, and no impact on its condensed consolidated results of operations or condensed consolidated statements of equity.  ROU assets are included in Other assets and the corresponding lease obligations are included in Accrued expenses and other liabilities and Long-term lease obligations on the condensed consolidated consolidated balance sheet.  The impact of adopting ASU 2016-02 on the Consolidated Balance Sheet is as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

January 1, 2019

Prior to ASU

2016-02

Adoption

 

 

ASU 2016-02

Adjustment

 

 

January 1, 2019

As Adjusted

 

Prepaid expense and other current assets

 

$

6,605

 

 

$

(65

)

(1)

$

6,540

 

Other assets

 

$

409

 

 

$

984

 

(2)

$

1,393

 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

$

11,360

 

 

$

(122

)

(3)

 

 

 

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

$

548

 

(4)

$

11,786

 

Long term lease obligations

 

$

 

 

$

495

 

(4)

$

495

 

 

 

 

(1)

Represents reclassification of prepaid rent to ROU assets, previously reported in Prepaid expense and other current assets.

 

(2)

Represents capitalization of ROU assets and reclassification of prepaid rent and deferred rent to operating lease assets, reported in Other assets.

 

(3)

Represents reclassification of deferred rent to ROU assets, previously reported in Accrued expenses and other liabilities.

 

(4)

Represents recognition of operating lease liabilities, reported in Accrued expenses and other liabilities.

 

 

 

13. Leases

On May 24, 2018, NightstaRx Limited (“NSL”), a subsidiary of Nightstar Therapeutics plc, entered into an agreement to receive the assignment of the lease for its new office on Midford Place in London, United Kingdom. This office also serves as the corporate headquarters of the Company. The assignment of the lease to NSL became effective on June 8, 2018 and the operating lease will expire on October 30, 2020. The rent is approximately £198,000 ($261,000) per annum, payable quarterly. NSL provided the landlord with an upfront security deposit of approximately £119,000 ($157,000), including value added tax. As part of this agreement, NSL also received a one-time rent concession payment from the landlord in the amount of £75,000 ($99,000) plus value added taxes. NSL’s performance under the lease is guaranteed by Nightstar Therapeutics plc. With the adoption of ASU 2016-02, the Company recorded a ROU asset and corresponding lease liability.  

On April 6, 2018, Nightstar, Inc. (“NSI”), a subsidiary of Nightstar Therapeutics plc, entered into a sublease for its new corporate headquarters in Waltham, Massachusetts. The sublease provides NSI with approximately 12,000 rentable square feet for general office use. The sublease became effective on April 26, 2018 and the operating lease will expire in March 2021.   The initial rent for the office space is approximately $209,000 per annum, increasing every year by approximately 6%. As part of the agreement, NSI arranged for a letter of credit for $58,000 as security for the sublease.  With the adoption of ASU 2016-02, the Company recorded a ROU asset and corresponding lease liability.  

On January 10, 2017, NSL entered into a noncancelable sublease for a facility in Lexington, Massachusetts for its U.S. operations. The lease related to the facility commenced on February 1, 2017 and is scheduled to terminate in June 2020. The lease is classified as an operating lease. The Company is committed to making aggregate lease payments of $86,000 in 2018, $89,000 in 2019 and $46,000 in 2020.  This Lexington office space is currently considered excess and has been sublet to recover costs.  With the adoption of ASU 2016-02, the Company recorded a ROU asset and corresponding lease liability.  

The Company entered into noncancelable operating leases for certain equipment to be used in its clinical research in its U.S. operations. These lease arrangements are not significant in comparison to the Company’s total operating lease assets and liabilities.  The Company has identified no embedded lease arrangements in its other contracts.

The Company identified and assessed the following estimates in recognizing the ROU asset and corresponding liability:

Expected lease term: The expected lease term for those leases commencing prior to January 1, 2019 did not change with the adoption of ASU 2016-02. The expected lease term for leases commencing after the adoption of ASU 2016-02 includes noncancelable lease periods and, when applicable, periods covered by an option to extend the lease if the Company is reasonably certain to exercise that option, as well as periods covered by an option to terminate the lease if the Company is reasonably certain not to exercise that option.  Some leases include an option to renew for a period of time, and the exercise of lease renewal options is at the Company’s sole discretion.  None of these options to renew are recognized as part of the Company’s ROU asset or lease liability as of March 31, 2019, as renewal was determined to not be reasonably assured.    

11


 

Incremental borrowing rate: As the discount rates in the Company’s lease are not implicit, the Company estimated the incremental borrowing rate based on the rate of interest the Company would have to pay to borrow a similar amount on a collateralized basis over a similar term.  

The following table summarizes the lease assets and liabilities at the date shown (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

ROU assets, included in Other assets

 

$

863

 

Total ROU assets

 

$

863

 

Current operating lease labilities, included in Accrued expenses and

   other current liabilities

 

$

624

 

Long term lease obligations

 

$

351

 

Total lease liabilities

 

$

975

 

 

The aggregate operating lease expense of $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 are included in research and development and general and administrative expenses.  These operating lease costs include short-term leases, which is immaterial.

 

The following table summarizes the maturity of undiscounted payments due under lease liabilities and the present value of those liabilities at the date shown: (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

2019

 

$

508

 

2020

 

 

450

 

2021

 

 

58

 

Total

 

 

1,016

 

Present value adjustment

 

 

(41

)

Present value of lease liabilities

 

$

975

 

 

The following table summarizes the lease term and discount rate at the date shown:

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

Weighted average remaining lease term (years)

 

1.7

 

Weighted average discount rate

 

 

5.0

%

 

The following table summarized the cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities for the period shown (in thousands):

 

 

Three months ended

March 31, 2019

 

Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities

 

$

81

 

Operating cash flows from operating leases

 

$

81

 

 

 

14. Subsequent events

 

On May 8, 2019, the requisite number of the Company’s shareholders voted to approve the Implementation Agreement with Biogen Switzerland Holdings GmbH and Tungsten Bidco Limited. Pursuant to the terms of the Implementation Agreement, the acquisition will be implemented by means of a scheme of arrangement to be undertaken by the Company under Part 26 of the UK Companies Act 2006.  The acquisition remains subject to a sanction at a court hearing by the High Court of Justice in England and Wales, which is anticipated to take place on or about June 5, 2019, and the delivery of a copy of the court order to the Registrar of Companies. The acquisition is expected to be consummated on or about June 7, 2019, subject to timely receipt of all required approvals and satisfaction of the requirements of the Implementation Agreement.

 

12


 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read together with our unaudited financial statements and the notes to those financial statements appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2018 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

This discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve significant risks and uncertainties. As a result of many factors, such as those set forth in Item 1.A. “Risk Factors” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K and any updates to those risk factors contained in our subsequent periodic and current reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements.

Our forward-looking statements do not assume the consummation of the proposed acquisition of our company by Biogen unless specifically stated otherwise.

Overview

We are a leading clinical-stage gene therapy company focused on developing and commercializing novel one-time treatments for patients suffering from rare inherited retinal diseases that would otherwise progress to blindness. Leveraging our expertise in ophthalmology, gene therapy and drug development, we are developing a pipeline of proprietary product candidates that are designed to substantially modify or halt the progression of inherited retinal diseases for which there are no currently approved treatments. Our lead product candidate, NSR-REP1, for the treatment of choroideremia is in Phase 3 clinical development and represents the most clinically advanced product candidate for this indication worldwide. In data from 32 patients treated with NSR-REP1 across four open-label clinical trials, over 90% of treated patients maintained their visual acuity over a two-year follow-up period. In some cases, we also observed substantial improvements in visual acuity. We are also conducting a Phase 2/3 clinical trial with our second product candidate, NSR-RPGR, for the treatment of X-linked retinitis pigmentosa, or XLRP. We also have product candidates in preclinical development for a number of inherited retinal diseases for which there are no approved treatments such as Stargardt disease.

Since our inception in May 2013, we have devoted substantially all our resources to conducting preclinical studies and clinical trials, organizing and staffing our company, business planning, raising capital and establishing our intellectual property portfolio. We do not have any products approved for sale and have not generated any revenue from product sales. We have funded our operations to date primarily with proceeds from the sale of our American Depositary Shares, or ADSs, and ordinary shares. Through March 31, 2019, we had received net cash proceeds of $255.2 million from sales of our ADSs and ordinary shares.  

We continue to incur significant operating losses. For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, our losses were $16.4 million and $14.4 million, respectively.  As of March 31, 2019, we had an accumulated deficit of $115.2 million.

We expect to continue to incur significant expenses for the foreseeable future as we advance our product candidates through preclinical and clinical development, seek regulatory approval and pursue commercialization of any approved product candidates. In addition, if we obtain marketing approval for any of our product candidates, we expect to incur significant commercialization expenses related to product manufacturing, marketing, sales and distribution. As of March 31, 2019, we held cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities of $153.5 million that we believe are adequate to meet our obligations over at least the twelve months following the issuance of this report.

On March 4, 2019, we entered into an implementation agreement, or the Implementation Agreement, with Biogen Switzerland Holdings GmbH and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Tungsten Bidco Limited, which we collectively refer to as Biogen. Pursuant to the terms of the Implementation Agreement, Biogen has agreed to acquire the entire issued and to be issued share capital of our company for $25.50 in cash per ordinary share, nominal value of GBP 0.01 per share, or the Company Shares, excluding any treasury shares, any Company Shares held by Biogen or its subsidiaries, and certain pre-initial public offering equity awards deferred upon the termination of the holder’s employment, which we refer to as the Deferred Shares. Under the terms of the Implementation Agreement, the proposed acquisition is contemplated to be implemented by means of a scheme of arrangement to be undertaken by us under Part 26 of the UK Companies Act 2006. On May 8, 2019, our shareholders voted to approve all proposals relating to the scheme of arrangement for the acquisition of our company by Biogen. The acquisition remains subject to a sanction at a court hearing by the High Court of Justice in England and Wales, which is anticipated to take place on or about June 5, 2019, and the delivery of a copy of the court order to the Registrar of Companies. The acquisition is expected to be consummated on or about June 7, 2019, subject to timely receipt of all required approvals and satisfaction of the requirements of the Implementation Agreement. If the transaction is completed, we expect that the ADSs will be removed from listing on the Nasdaq Stock Market and that registration of the ADSs under Section 12(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, will be terminated.

13


 

Components of Our Results of Operations

Revenues

To date, we have not generated any revenue from product sales and do not expect to generate any revenue from the sale of products in the near future. If our development efforts for our product candidates are successful and result in regulatory approval, we may generate revenue in the future from product sales.

Operating Expenses

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses consist primarily of costs incurred in connection with the research and development of our product candidates, which are partially offset by research and development tax credits provided by Her Majesty's Revenue & Customs, or HMRC, and other government grants. We expense research and development costs as incurred. These expenses consist of:

 

expenses incurred under agreements with contract research organizations, or CROs, contract manufacturing organizations, or CMOs, as well as investigative sites and consultants that conduct our clinical trials, preclinical studies and other scientific development services;

 

manufacturing scale-up expenses and the cost of acquiring and manufacturing preclinical studies and clinical trial materials;

 

employee-related expenses, including salaries, related benefits, travel and share-based compensation expense for employees engaged in research and development functions;

 

costs related to compliance with regulatory requirements;

 

facilities costs, depreciation and other expenses, which include rent and utilities; and

 

fees for maintaining our third-party licensing agreements.

We recognize external development costs based on an evaluation of the progress to completion of specific tasks using information provided to us by our service providers.

Our direct research and development expenses are tracked on a program-by-program basis for our product candidates and consist primarily of external costs, such as fees paid to outside consultants, CROs and CMOs in connection with our preclinical development, manufacturing and clinical development activities. Our direct research and development expenses by program also include fees incurred under our license agreements. We do not allocate employee costs or facility expenses, including depreciation or other indirect costs, to specific programs because these costs are deployed across multiple programs and, as such, are not separately classified. We use internal resources primarily to oversee the research and discovery as well as to manage our preclinical development, process development, manufacturing and clinical development activities. These employees work across multiple programs and, therefore, we do not track their costs by program.

The table below summarizes our research and development expenses incurred by program:

 

 

 

For the three months ended March 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Direct research and development expense by program:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NSR-REP1

 

$

4,045

 

 

$

3,437

 

NSR-RPGR

 

 

1,920

 

 

 

1,608

 

Other

 

 

426

 

 

 

51

 

Total direct research and development expense

 

 

6,391

 

 

 

5,096

 

Personnel-related expense (including share-based

   compensation)

 

 

3,232

 

 

 

2,073

 

Research and development tax credit

 

 

(1,923

)

 

 

(1,382

)

Indirect research and development expense

 

 

1,198

 

 

 

277

 

Total research and development expense

 

$

8,898

 

 

$

6,064

 

 

14


 

Research and development activities are central to our business model. Product candidates in later stages of clinical development generally have higher development costs than those in earlier stages of clinical development, primarily due to the increased size and duration of later-stage clinical trials and related product manufacturing expenses. As a result, we expect that our research and development expenses will continue to increase over the next several years as we increase personnel costs and prepare for regulatory filings related to our product candidates. We also expect to incur additional expenses related to milestone, royalty payments and maintenance fees payable to third parties with whom we have entered into license agreements to acquire the rights related to our product candidates.

The successful development and commercialization of our product candidates is highly uncertain. At this time, we cannot reasonably estimate or know the nature, timing and costs of the efforts that will be necessary to complete the preclinical and clinical development of any of our product candidates or when, if ever, material net cash inflows may commence from any of our product candidates. This uncertainty is due to the numerous risks and uncertainties associated with development and commercialization, including the uncertainty of:

 

the scope, progress, outcome and costs of our preclinical development activities, clinical trials and other research and development activities;

 

establishing an appropriate safety profile with investigational new drug application- and clinical trial application-enabling studies;

 

successful patient enrollment in, and the initiation and completion of, clinical trials;

 

the timing, receipt and terms of any marketing approvals from applicable regulatory authorities and reimbursement and market access from third-party payors;

 

establishing commercial manufacturing capabilities or making arrangements with third-party manufacturers;

 

development and timely delivery of commercial-grade drug formulations that can be used in our clinical trials and for commercial launch;

 

obtaining, maintaining, defending and enforcing patent claims and other intellectual property rights;

 

significant and changing government regulation;

 

launching commercial sales of our product candidates, if and when approved, whether alone or in collaboration with others; and

 

maintaining a continued acceptable safety profile of the product candidates following approval.

We may never succeed in achieving regulatory approval for any of our product candidates. We may obtain unexpected results from our clinical trials. We may elect to discontinue, delay or modify clinical trials of some product candidates or focus on others. Any changes in the outcome of any of these variables with respect to the development of our product candidates in preclinical and clinical development could mean a significant change in the costs and timing associated with the development of these product candidates. For example, if the FDA, EMA or another regulatory authority were to delay our planned start of clinical trials or require us to conduct clinical trials or other testing beyond those that we currently expect, or if we experience significant delays in enrollment in any of our planned clinical trials, we could be required to expend significant additional financial resources and time on the completion of clinical development of that product candidate.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries, related benefits, travel and share-based compensation expense for personnel in executive, finance and administrative functions. These expenses include professional fees for legal, consulting, accounting and audit services, insurance costs, and investor and public relations expenses associated with being a public company. We anticipate that our general and administrative expenses will increase in the future as we increase our headcount to support our continued research activities and development of our product candidates.

We anticipate that our general and administrative expenses will increase in the future as we increase our headcount to support our continued development and commercialization of our product candidates. We also anticipate we will continue to incur increased accounting, audit, legal, regulatory, compliance, director and officer insurance costs as well as investor and public relations expenses associated with being a public company and a domestic filer.  In light of the pending acquisition of our company by Biogen, we also anticipate incurring additional legal, accounting and other advisory fees in relation to the transaction.

15


 

Other Income (Expense)

Interest and Other Income

Interest income consists of interest on cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities. Other income includes funds received from government grants.

Foreign Currency Translation

Foreign currency exchange gains and losses are driven primarily by balances of cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities, as well as accounts payable, denominated in a currency other than our functional currency, the U.S. dollar, which we adopted as our functional currency on January 1, 2019. A significant majority of our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities are denominated in U.S. dollars.  Prior to January 1, 2019, our functional currency was the pound sterling. Accordingly, a substantial portion of foreign currency transaction gains and losses in prior periods related to the exchange rate changes between the U.S. dollar and pound sterling on the U.S. dollar denominated funds held by us.

Our adoption of the U.S. dollar as our functional currency resulted in a significant reduction in foreign currency transaction gains and losses in 2019, when compared to prior periods. Our foreign currency exchange transaction gain was $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, compared to a foreign currency transaction exchange loss of $5.9 million in the three months ended March 31, 2018.  Foreign exchange transaction gains and losses are included in other income (expense), net in the condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss for the respective periods.

 

Our reporting currency has been and continues to be the U.S. dollar. Translation adjustments are not included in the determination of net loss; they are included as foreign currency translation adjustments in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), a component of shareholders’ equity. With the adoption of the U.S. dollar as our functional currency, the cumulative foreign currency translation adjustment of $4.9 million as of January 1, 2019 will be retained as a part of shareholders’ equity.  We recorded a foreign currency translation adjustment gain of $6.3 million for three months ended March 31, 2018 and none for the three months ended March 31, 2019.

Comparison of the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

The following table summarizes our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018:

 

 

 

Three months ended March 31,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

Change

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

$

8,898

 

 

$

6,064

 

 

$

2,834

 

General and administrative

 

 

9,663

 

 

 

2,776

 

 

 

6,887

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

18,561

 

 

 

8,840

 

 

 

9,721

 

Other income (expense):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest and other income

 

 

1,107

 

 

 

367

 

 

 

740

 

Other income (expense), net

 

 

1,101

 

 

 

(5,885

)

 

 

6,986

 

Total other income (expense), net

 

 

2,208

 

 

 

(5,518

)

 

 

7,726

 

Loss before provision for income taxes

 

 

(16,353

)

 

 

(14,358

)

 

 

(1,995

)

Provision for income taxes

 

 

39

 

 

 

 

 

 

39

 

Net loss

 

 

(16,392

)

 

 

(14,358

)

 

 

(2,034

)

Other comprehensive income (loss):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 

 

6,346

 

 

 

(6,346

)

Unrealized holding gains on available for sale securities

 

 

(1,258

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1,258

)

Total comprehensive loss

 

$

(17,650

)

 

$

(8,012

)

 

$

(9,638

)

 

16


 

Research and Development Expenses

Research and development expenses were $8.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, compared to $6.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018. The increase of $2.8 million resulted primarily from increases in program-related expenses of $0.6 million for NSR-REP1, and $0.3 million for NSR-RPGR, as well as a $1.2 million increase in personnel-related costs.  This increase was off-set in part by an increase in research and development tax relief claims from HMRC of $0.5 million.  Research and development personnel-related costs reflected additional headcount in the three months ended March 31, 2019, when compared to the same period in 2018, to support our growth and to assist in the further development of our product candidates and pipeline.  The increase in research and development personnel-related costs for the three months ended March 31, 2019 includes $0.3 million of additional non-cash share-based compensation when compared to the same period in 2018.

General and Administrative Expenses

General and administrative expenses were $9.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, compared to $2.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018. The increase of $6.9 million is mainly due to $5.8 million in fees associated with the pending acquisition by Biogen and $0.5 million in professional and consulting fees, including increased legal, accounting and audit fees for the three months ended March 31, 2019 when compared to the same period in 2018.  General and administrative expenses also reflect additional headcount to support our increased research and development activities and our status as a public company. The increase in general and administrative personnel-related costs includes $0.6 million of additional non-cash share-based compensation for the three months ended March 31, 2019 as compared to the same period in 2018.

Other Income (Expense), Net

Other income was $2.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, compared to other loss of $5.5 million for the same period in 2018. The increase of $7.7 million mainly consisted of an increase in non-cash gain on foreign currency exchange of $5.9 million compared to the same period in 2018 due to the strengthening of the pound sterling and euro compared to the U.S. dollar, our reporting and functional currency. We adopted the U.S. dollar as our functional currency as of January 1, 2019, and we do not anticipate significant foreign currency transaction gains and losses in future periods.  The increase in the non-cash loss was partially offset by an increase of $0.5 million in interest and other income and $0.2 million in grant income for the three months ended March 31, 2019 when compared to the same period in 2018.

Provision for income taxes

The provision for income taxes results from the recognition of earnings on our available-for-sale investments in U.S. Treasury securities, which increased due to the investment of proceeds received from our public offerings in 2017 and 2018.  For the three months ended March 31, 2019, we recognized income tax expense of $39,000 and net tax impact to other comprehensive loss of $0.2 million.  There was no income tax provision for the three months ended March 31, 2018.  The Company has not recorded any amounts for unrecognized tax benefits as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Since our inception, we have not generated any revenue and have incurred operating losses and negative cash flows from our operations. We have funded our operations to date primarily with proceeds from the sale of ADSs and ordinary shares. Through March 31, 2019, we had received net cash proceeds of $255.2 million from sales of our ADSs and ordinary shares. As of March 31, 2018, we held cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities of $153.5 million.

Cash Flows

The following table summarizes our cash flows for the three months ended:

 

 

 

March 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

$

(11,362

)

 

$

(8,922

)

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

 

77,986

 

 

 

(43

)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

 

105

 

 

 

1,838

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

$

66,729

 

 

$

(7,127

)

 

17


 

Net Cash Used in Operating Activities

Our use of cash in operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2019 resulted primarily from our net losses, adjusted for non-cash charges and changes in components of working capital. Net cash used in operating activities of $11.4 million during the three months ended March 31, 2019 increased by $2.4 million compared to the same period in 2018. The increase in net cash used in operating activities was primarily due to increases of $2.8 million in research and development expenses, increases of $6.9 million in general and administrative expense, increases in non-cash share-based compensation expense, improvements in foreign currency transaction expenses of $5.9 million, earnings on investments, and working capital movement.

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

For the three months ended March 31, 2019, net cash provided by investing activities increased due to the investment in marketable securities of the funds raised in our public offerings in October 2018 and October 2017.  For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, we also used $14,000 and $43,000 in cash for the purchases of property and equipment, respectively.

Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities

During the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, there was no net cash provided by financing activities.  

Contractual Obligations

Our contractual obligations as of March 31, 2019, relate to our non-cancellable leased office space in the United States and the United Kingdom and was $1.0 million. As of January 1, 2019, we adopted new accounting guidance on leases that requires the discounted value of these leasing obligations of $1.0 million to be recognized on our balance sheet. Upon adoption of the new lease guidance we recorded the lease obligation and right-of-use asset.  At the date of adoption, the new lease guidance had no impact on our operations, cash flow or shareholders’ equity.

We enter into contracts in the normal course of business with CROs and other third vendors for clinical trials, clinical and commercial supply manufacturing, support for precommercial activities, research and development activities and other services and products for our operations. Our agreements generally provide for termination within 90 days of notice.

We may incur potential contingent payments upon our achievement of clinical, regulatory and commercial milestones, as applicable, or that we may be required to make royalty payments under license agreements we have entered into with various entities pursuant to which we have in-licensed certain intellectual property, including our license agreements with the University of Oxford and Oxford BioMedica plc.

Funding Requirements

We expect our expenses to increase substantially in connection with our ongoing activities as a public company, particularly as we advance the preclinical activities, manufacturing and clinical trials of our product candidates. Our expenses will also increase as we:

 

seek regulatory approvals for any product candidates that successfully complete clinical trials;

 

establish a sales, marketing and distribution infrastructure in anticipation of commercializing any product candidates for which we may obtain marketing approval and intend to commercialize on our own or jointly;

 

hire additional clinical, medical and development personnel;

 

expand our infrastructure and facilities to accommodate our growing employee base;

 

continue our operations as a public company; and

 

maintain, expand and protect our intellectual property portfolio.

We believe our existing cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities of $153.5 million at March 31, 2019, will enable us to fund our operating expenses and capital expenditure requirements for at least the next 12 months from the filing date of this quarterly report. We have based these estimates on assumptions that may prove to be wrong, and we could utilize our available capital resources sooner than we expect. As we progress with our development programs and the regulatory review process, we expect to incur significant commercialization expenses related to product manufacturing, pre-commercial activities and commercialization. In light of the pending acquisition of our company by Biogen, we also anticipate incurring additional legal, accounting and other advisory fees in relation to the transaction.

18


 

Because of the numerous risks and uncertainties associated with research, development and commercialization of pharmaceutical product candidates, we are unable to estimate the exact amount of our working capital requirements. Our future funding requirements will depend on and could increase significantly as a result of many factors, including:

 

the scope, progress, results and costs of laboratory testing, manufacturing, and preclinical and clinical development for our current and future product candidates;

 

the costs, timing and outcome of regulatory review of our product candidates;

 

our ability to establish and maintain collaborations and license agreements on favorable terms, if at all;

 

the costs of expanding our facilities to accommodate our expected growth in personnel;

 

the extent to which we acquire or in-license other product candidates and technologies or establish collaboration, distribution or other marketing arrangements for our product candidates;

 

the costs, timing and outcome of potential future commercialization activities, including manufacturing, marketing, sales and distribution for our product candidates for which we receive marketing approval;

 

the costs of preparing, filing and prosecuting patent applications, maintaining and enforcing our intellectual property rights and defending intellectual property-related claims;

 

the extent to which we acquire technologies;

 

the sales price and availability of adequate third-party coverage and reimbursement for our product candidates, if and when approved; and

 

the costs of operating as a public company in the United States.

Until such time, if ever, that we can generate product revenue sufficient to achieve profitability, we expect to finance our cash needs through equity offerings, debt financings, government or other third-party funding, marketing and distribution arrangements and other collaborations, strategic alliances and licensing arrangements. To the extent that we raise additional capital through the sale of equity, current ownership interests will be diluted. If we raise additional funds through government or third-party funding, collaboration agreements, strategic alliances, licensing arrangements or marketing and distribution arrangements, we may have to relinquish valuable rights to our technologies, future revenue streams, research programs or product candidates or grant licenses on terms that may not be favorable to us. Debt financing, if available, may involve agreements that include covenants limiting or restricting our ability to take specific actions, such as incurring additional debt, making capital expenditures or declaring dividends. If we are unable to raise additional funds when needed, we may be required to delay, limit, reduce or terminate our product development or future commercialization efforts or grant rights to develop and market products or product candidates that we would otherwise prefer to develop and market ourselves.

Critical Accounting Policies

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported periods. The Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, has defined a company’s critical accounting policies as the ones that are most important to the portrayal of a company’s financial condition and results of operations, and which require a company to make its most difficult and subjective judgments.

For a more complete understanding of our accounting policies, the unaudited consolidated financial statements, and the related Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, readers are encouraged to consider this information together with our discussion of our critical accounting policies under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2018 filed with the SEC on our Form 10-K.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

See Notes 2 and 11 to the unaudited consolidated financial statements for information regarding the recently issued accounting standards, including those that were adopted as of January 1, 2019 and those that have yet to be adopted.

19


 

Emerging Growth Company and Smaller Reporting Company Status

As an emerging growth company, and as a smaller reporting company, we intend to rely on certain of the exemptions and reduced reporting requirements that are provided by the SEC for companies that meet the requirements of being an “emerging growth company,” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act, and a “smaller reporting company,” as defined in Rule 12b-2 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, as applicable.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

There have been no material changes in our market risk during the three months ended March 31, 2019, compared to the disclosures in Part II, Item 7A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer (our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, respectively), has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2019. The term “disclosure controls and procedures,” as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Exchange Act, means controls and other procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving their objectives and management necessarily applies its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures. Based on the evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of March 31, 2019, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of such date, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.

There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during the first quarter of 2019 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

20


 

PART II Other Information

 

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

From time to time, we may be a party to litigation or subject to claims incident to the ordinary course of business. Although the results of litigation and claims cannot be predicted with certainty, we currently believe that the final outcome of these ordinary course matters will not have a material adverse effect on our business. Regardless of the outcome, litigation can have an adverse impact on us because of defense and settlement costs, diversion of management resources and other factors.

Three shareholder complaints have been filed in connection with the pending acquisition of our company by an affiliate of Biogen Inc, or the Acquisition. On April 23, 2019, Stephen Bushansky, a purported holder of our ADSs, filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, captioned Stephen Bushansky v. Nightstar Therapeutics plc et al., Civil Action No. 1:19-cv-10903, against us and each member of our board of directors. On April 26, 2019, Earl Wheby, a purported shareholder, filed a putative federal securities class action complaint in the United States District Court for the District of Delaware, captioned Earl M. Wheby, Jr. v. Nightstar Therapeutics plc et al., Case No. 1:19-cv-00761-UNA, against us, each member of our board and Biogen Inc. Also on April 26, 2019, Brennan Evans, a purported shareholder, filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, captioned Brennan Evans v. Nightstar Therapeutics plc et al., Case No. 1:19-cv-03743, against us and each member of our board of directors. On May 1, 2019, the plaintiff in Wheby voluntarily dismissed his complaint without prejudice.

The complaints generally allege, among other things, that we and the other defendants violated federal securities laws and regulations by disseminating or allowing to be disseminated a proxy statement in connection with the Acquisition that purportedly omits or misrepresents material information with respect to the Acquisition. The complaints seek, among other things, relief enjoining the defendants from proceeding with the Acquisition and any shareholder vote on the Acquisition; or, in the event the Acquisition is completed, rescinding the Acquisition and setting it aside or awarding rescissory damages. We believe that the plaintiffs’ allegations are without merit and intend to vigorously defend against them. It is possible that additional lawsuits related to the Acquisition may be filed in the future.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

There have been no material changes to our risk factors contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2018 and any updates to those risk factors contained in our subsequent periodic and current reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. For a further discussion of our Risk Factors, refer to the “Risk Factors” discussion contained in such filings.

Item 2 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Use of Proceeds from Registered Securities.  On October 2, 2017, we closed our initial public offering, or IPO, of an aggregate of 6,164,000 ADSs, including 804,000 ADSs issued and sold to the underwriters upon their exercise in full of their option to purchase additional ADSs, at a public offering price of $14.00 per ADS.  Each ADS represented one ordinary share.  The offer and sale of all of the ADSs in the IPO were registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, pursuant to a registration statement on Form F-1 (File No. 333-220289), which was declared effective by the SEC on September 27, 2017.  Jefferies LLC, Leerink Partners LLC and BMO Capital Markets Corp. acted as joint book-running managers for the offering. Wedbush Securities Inc. and Chardan acted as co-managers.

We received aggregate net proceeds from our IPO of approximately $77.4 million, after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and other offering expenses payable by us.  None of the underwriting discounts and commissions or other offering expenses were incurred or paid to directors or officers of ours or their associates or to persons owning 10% or more of our common stock or to any affiliates of ours.  

There has been no material change in our planned use of the net proceeds from the IPO as described in our final prospectus filed with the SEC pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act. As of March 31, 2019, $76.3 million of the net proceeds is included as cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities.

 

Item 3 Defaults Upon Senior Securities

None.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.

 

21


 

Item 5. Other Information.

On March 4, 2019, we entered into an implementation agreement, or the Implementation Agreement, with Biogen Switzerland Holdings GmbH and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Tungsten Bidco Limited, which we collectively refer to as Biogen. Pursuant to the terms of the Implementation Agreement, Biogen has agreed to acquire the entire issued and to be issued share capital of our company for $25.50 in cash per ordinary share, nominal value of GBP 0.01 per share, or the Company Shares, excluding any treasury shares, any Company Shares held by Biogen or its subsidiaries, and certain pre-initial public offering equity awards deferred upon the termination of the holder’s employment, which we refer to as the Deferred Shares. Under the terms of the Implementation Agreement, the proposed acquisition is contemplated to be implemented by means of a scheme of arrangement to be undertaken by us under Part 26 of the UK Companies Act 2006.

On May 8, 2019, our shareholders voted to approve all proposals relating to the scheme of arrangement for the acquisition of our company by Biogen. The acquisition remains subject to a sanction at a court hearing by the High Court of Justice in England and Wales, which is anticipated to take place on or about June 5, 2019, and the delivery of a copy of the court order to the Registrar of Companies. The acquisition is expected to be consummated on or about June 7, 2019, subject to timely receipt of all required approvals and satisfaction of the requirements of the Implementation Agreement. If the transaction is completed, we expect that the ADSs will be removed from listing on the Nasdaq Stock Market and that registration of the ADSs under Section 12(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, will be terminated.

 

Item 6. Exhibits.

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

 

 

 

 

INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

EXHIBIT NUMBER

 

DESCRIPTION OF EXHIBIT

 

SCHEDULE/ FORM

 

FILE
NUMBER

 

EXHIBIT

 

FILE DATE

 

FILED HEREWITH

  2.1†

 

Implementation Agreement, dated as of March 4, 2019, by and among Biogen Switzerland Holdings GmbH, Tungsten Bidco Limited and Nightstar Therapeutics plc.

 

Form 8-K

 

001-38217

 

2.1

 

3/4/19

 

 

3.1

 

Articles of Association of Nightstar Therapeutics plc, as amended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

31.1

 

Certification of principal executive officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

31.2

 

Certification of principal financial officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32.1*

 

Certification of principal executive officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

32.2*

 

Certification of principal financial officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

101.INS

 

XBRL Instance Document.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

101.SCH

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

101.CAL

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

22


 

101.DEF

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

101.LAB

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

101.PRE

 

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

*

Furnished herewith.

Certain schedules have been omitted pursuant to Item 601(b)(2) of Regulation S-K. We hereby undertake to furnish supplemental copies of any of the omitted schedules upon request by the Securities and Exchange Commission; provided, however, that we may request confidential treatment pursuant to Rule 24b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, for any schedules so furnished.

 

23


 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

 

 

Nightstar Therapeutics plc

 

 

 

 

 

 

Date: May 9, 2019

 

By:

/s/ David Fellows

 

 

 

David Fellows

 

 

 

Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

 

Date: May 9, 2019

 

By:

/s/ Senthil Sundaram

 

 

 

Senthil Sundaram

 

 

 

Chief Financial Officer

(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

 

 

24

nite-ex31_342.htm

Exhibit 3.1

NIGHTSTAR THERAPEUTICS PLC

ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION

Adopted by Special Resolution on
28 September 2017, and amended on 8 May 2019

 

 

 

 

 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Page

1.

Exclusion of Model Articles (and any Other Prescribed Regulations)

1

2.

Interpretation

1

3.

Form of Resolution

3

4.

Capital

3

5.

Limited Liability

4

6.

Change of Name

4

7.

Power to Attach Rights to Shares

4

8.

Allotment of Shares and Pre-Emption

4

9.

Redeemable Shares

5

10.

Deferred Shares

5

11.

Pari Passu Issues

6